ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 133-139

Effect of truncal obesity on airway resistance


1 Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, October 6 University, 6th of October City, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Hesham A AbdelHalim
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, 28C, Opera City Compound, Sheikh Zayed, Giza, 12588
Egypt
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1687-8426.158043

Rights and Permissions

Background and objective: Truncal obesity can influence respiratory mechanisms regardless of BMI. This study evaluated the impact of truncal obesity on both spirometry and impulse oscillometry (IOS). Patients and methods: The study included 102 patients recruited from the Outpatient Department of Ain Shams University Hospital. All patients were subjected to clinical examination, anthropometric measurements, IOS, and spirometry. According to BMI, the patients were categorized into the obese group (71 patients) and the nonobese group (31 patients). The obese group was subclassified into overweight, obese, and morbidly obese groups. The obese subgroup was reclassified according to waist to hip ratio (WHR) into the truncal obese group (41 patients) and the nontruncal obese group (30 patients). The data collected were comparatively analyzed using either the independent-samples t-test or one-way analysis of variance. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to study the correlations between data. Multiple linear regression analysis was carried out to examine the simultaneous influences of anthropometric measures on the IOS data. Results: There were significant differences in IOS and spirometry data between the obese and nonobese groups as well as among the four groups. Regarding WHR, there were significant correlations with IOS data and negative correlations with spirometry data except maximal mid expiratory flow. Using multiple linear regression analysis, it was revealed that WHR was the most powerful predictor for R5. BMI followed by WHR was the most powerful predictor for R5-R20. Conclusion: Truncal obesity significantly affects airway resistance, as evaluated by spirometry and IOS.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1225    
    Printed34    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded123    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal